Sample Articulation Assessment

Posted by | January 11, 2011 | Articulation

Sample Articulation Assessment

John Smith, age 6, is a first grade student at Kerry Elementary in San Diego. English is his primary language and the

language of instruction. Mrs. Smith, John’s mother, referred him for a speech evaluation. Her presenting concerns

were speech intelligibility, how he views himself as a communicator, and spelling development. No language or

other academic concerns were noted.

This is John’s initial evaluation for special education services. He has no prior history of speech and language

intervention. His medical history is unremarkable. Mother reports an occasional ear infection. The results of a

hearing screening (9/04) were normal. There is no family history of speech and language problems or learning

disabilities

California Code of Regulations establishes eligibility criteria for special education services in the area of articulation

development. The speech behaviors must significantly interfere with communication, attract adverse attention, and

adversely affect educational performance.

Testing Procedures

The school SLP described John’s speech production using performance assessment

technologies: interview, observation, ratings scales, checklists, behavioral sampling, and

standardized testing. The SLP performed the following evaluative tasks:

• Reviewed school and medical records.

• Interviewed the parents, teacher and John.

• Observed John in the classroom during shared and guided reading, partner talk and free play, and on the

playground during recess.

• Analyzed the results of parent and teacher questionnaires.

• Completed the Articulation Eligibility Profile.

• Measured speech intelligibility using the Intelligibility Rating Scale.

• Collected and analyzed a structured speech sample using Pancakes for Breakfast, by de Paola, 1978.

• Reviewed spelling work samples with the teacher.

• Administered a standardized articulation test, Goldman-Fristoe Test of Articulation-2 (GFTA-2).

• Conducted a brief oral-peripheral examination.

DESCRIPTIVE ANALYSIS

John’s teacher, Mrs. Jones, and Mr. And Mrs. Smith reported mispronunciation of the /s/ sound. Mrs. Smith

described it as slurred. Mrs. Jones noted he substituted [th] for /s/. Results of observation, analysis of the language

sample, and standardized testing confirm the presence of a mild speech variance. John distorts /s/ and /z/. The

production is frontalized and occurs in all word positions. He is stimulable for correct production in the initial

position at the syllable and word levels. Using the Articulation Eligibility Profile—Male guidelines, John is not

expected to correctly produce the sounds until age 7. Results of the GFTA-2 follow:

• [th, th] for the target sounds /s, z / in the initial/medial/final position of word.

• Standard Score of 82 and a Percentile Rank of 6. These scores fell below the average range.

The oral peripheral exam showed no structural differences. A functional tongue thrust appeared to co-occur.

Currently, there is no research that a tongue thrust contributes to an articulation disorder

Intelligibility

Speech is completely intelligible in all speaking situations. While the distortion is consistent, it does not affect

intelligibility. John scored in the mild range on the Intelligibility Rating Scale and on the Severity Rating Scale.

Adverse Attention

There was no evidence during the observation or from the parent and teacher questionnaires that the speech

difference attracted adverse attention. John is an active participant in all oral language activities. According to his

parents and teacher, he enjoys good relationships with his peers. During the student interview, the SLP asked John

about making the /s/ sound. He appeared unconcerned about the speech difference but said he knew about it because

“my mom told me. She tries to help me make it right.”

Academic Performance

Mrs. Jones stated that John performs at grade level in all language arts areas and meets all grade level standards.

John uses inventive, phonetic spelling, which is appropriate for his developmental level.

INTERPRETIVE ANALYSIS

John’s sound variance for /s/ and /z/ appears to be a developmental speech difference

that does not affect communicative intelligibility, attract adverse attention, or impact

educational progress. John does not meet eligibility requirements for special education

speech services at this time.

The SLP will give the parents and the teacher suggestions for facilitating acquisition of

standard sound production and discuss possible enrollment in the site’s Speech

Improvement Class at the IEP meeting.

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